Capital city: Montpelier
Location: 44º 26′ N, 72º 57′ W
Commercial city: Brattleboro
Location: 42º 85′ N, 72º 55′ W
Geographical area and extent:
Situated in the northeastern US, Vermont is the 2nd largest of the six New England states, and ranks 43rd in size among the 50 states.
Vermont’s total area of 9,614 sq mi (24,900 sq km) consists of 9,249 sq mi (23,955 sq km) of land and 365 sq mi (945 sq km) of inland water. Vermont’s maximum E-W extension is 90 mi (145 km); its maximum N-S extension is 158 mi (254 km). The state resembles a wedge, wide and flat at the top and narrower at the bottom.
Vermont is bordered on the N by the Canadian province of Quebec; on the E by New Hampshire (separated by the Connecticut River); on the S by Massachusetts; and on the W by New York (with part of the line passing through Lake Champlain and the Poultney River).
The state’s territory includes several islands and the lower part of a peninsula jutting south into Lake Champlain from the Canadian border, collectively called Grand Isle County. Vermont’s total boundary length is 561 mi (903 km). Its geographic center is in Washington County, 3 mi (5 km) E of Roxbury.