Capital city: Columbia
Location: 34º 00′ N, 81º 02′ W
Commercial city: Greenville
Location: 34º 51′ N, 82º 23′ W
Hilton Head Island
Location: 32º 11′ N, 80º 44′ W
Geographical area and extent:
Situated in the southeastern US, South Carolina ranks 40th in size among the 50 states.
The state’s total area is 31,113 sq mi (80,583 sq km), of which land takes up 30,203 sq mi (78,226 sq km) and inland water 910 sq mi (2,357 sq km). South Carolina extends 273 mi (439 km) E-W; its maximum N-S extension is 210 mi (338 km).
South Carolina is bounded on the N and NE by North Carolina; on the SE by the Atlantic Ocean; and on the SW and W by Georgia (with the line passing through the Savannah and Chattooga rivers).
Among the 13 major Sea Islands in the Atlantic off South Carolina are Bull, Sullivans, Kiawah, Edisto, Hunting, and Hilton Head, the largest island (42 sq mi—109 sq km) on the Atlantic seaboard between New Jersey and Florida. The total boundary length of South Carolina is 824 mi (1,326 km), including a general coastline of 187 mi (301 km); the tidal shoreline extends 2,876 mi (4,628 km). The state’s geographic center is located in Richland County, 13 mi (21 km) SE of Columbia.